This crop is one of the earliest domesticated plants known, grown for fibre and food. The valuable parts includes the stalk, consisting of both long (bast) and short (core) fibers, which each have a mulitied of uses such as textiles, rope and twine, advanced composite materials, and hemp cement. The hemp seed is a treasure, as it contains protein, dietary fiber and rich omega fatty acid oil. There is no GMO (genetically modified organism) hemp. Hemp is readily adaptable to organic cultivation.
Biologically, the plant is classified as Cannabis sativa L. This is the controversial aspect, as hemp has been wrongly and broadly characterized in the past century only as marijuana (a slang term for all Cannabis breeds that are legislated as a controlled substance). In fact, Cannabis is a very diverse plant species that includes hundreds of identified varieties.